ⓘ Category:Race in Brazil

Afro-Brazilians

Afro-Brazilians ɾuz") are Brazilians who have partial or predominantly African ancestry. The term does not have widespread use in Brazil, where social constructs and classifications have been based on appearance; people with noticeable African features and skin color are generally referred to as negro or, less commonly, preto. Most members of another group of people, multiracial Brazilians or pardos, may also have a range of degree of African ancestry. Depending on the circumstances, the ones whose African features are more evident are always or frequently seen by others as "negros" - cons ...

Asian Brazilians

Asian Brazilians are Brazilian citizens of full or predominantly South Asian, East Asian and Southeast Asian ancestry or an Asian-born person permanently residing in Brazil. The vast majority of the Asian community in Brazil is made of immigrants from South Asia and East Asia, although there have also been smaller numbers of Southeast Asians, including a small number of Asians from the Caribbean, Mozambique and Kenya. The 2011 estimate for Brazilian Roma is about 800.000, but they are not counted as Asian, although they have distant ancestors coming from South Asia. People of West-Asian or ...

Caboclo

A caboclo is a person of mixed Indigenous Brazilian and European ancestry, or a culturally assimilated or detribalized person of full Amerindian descent. In Brazil, a caboclo generally refers to this specific type of mestiço. The term, also pronounced "caboco", is from Brazilian Portuguese, and perhaps ultimately from the Tupi kaaboc. It means a "person having copper-coloured skin" A person of mixed Indigenous Brazilian and sub-Saharan black ancestry is known as a cafuzo." In the 1872 and 1890 censuses, 3.90% and 9.04% of the population self-identified as caboclos, respectively. Since then ...

Casa-Grande & Senzala

Published in 1933, Casa-Grande e Senzala is a book by Gilberto Freyre, about the formation of Brazilian society. The casa-grande refers to the slave owners residence on a sugarcane plantation, where whole towns were owned and managed by one man. The senzala refers to the dwellings of the black working class, where they originally worked as slaves, and later as servants. The book deals with race/class separation and miscegenation and is generally considered a classic of modern cultural anthropology. In Freyres opinion, the hierarchy imposed by those in the Casa-Grande was an expression of a ...

Indigenous peoples in Brazil

Indigenous peoples in Brazil or Indigenous Brazilians once comprised an estimated 2000 tribes and nations inhabiting what is now the country of Brazil, prior to the European contact around 1500. Christopher Columbus thought he had reached the East Indies, but Portuguese Vasco da Gama had already reached India via the Indian Ocean route, when Brazil was discovered by Portugal. Nevertheless, the word indios was by then established to designate the people of the New World and continues to be used in the Portuguese language to designate these people, while a person from India is called indiano ...

Pardo Brazilians

In Brazil, Pardo, also known popularly as Moreno, is an ethnic and skin color category used by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics in the Brazilian censuses. The term pardo is a complex one, more commonly used to refer to Brazilians of mixed ethnic ancestries. Pardo Brazilians represent a diverse range of skin colors and ethnic backgrounds. They are typically a mixture of Europeans, Sub-Saharan Africans and/or Native Brazilian. The other categories are branco "white", preto "black", amarelo "yellow", meaning East Asians, and indigena "indigene" or "indigenous person", meani ...

Pigmentocracies

Pigmentocracies: Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America is a book by sociologist Edward Telles and the Project on Ethnicity and Race in Latin America published by the University of North Carolina Press in 2014. The book attempts to look at race relations within Peru, Colombia, Mexico, and Brazil using statistical methods and comparing national census data over hundreds of years.

Quilombo

A quilombo is a Brazilian hinterland settlement founded by people of African origin including the quilombolas, or maroons, and others sometimes called Carabali. Most of the inhabitants of quilombos were escaped slaves. However, the documentation on runaway slave communities typically uses the term mocambo, an Ambundu word meaning "war camp", to describe the settlements. A mocambo is typically much smaller than a quilombo. Quilombo was not used until the 1670s and then primarily in more southerly parts of Brazil. A similar settlement exists in the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America ...

Racism in Brazil

Today, there are more than 75 million people of African descent living in Brazil, which currently gives it the second largest black population in the world. However, despite its large black population it was also the last country in the western hemisphere to abolish slavery, in 1888. Brazil proudly refers to itself as a "Racial Democracy," originally coined by Brazilian sociologist Gilberto Freyre in his work Casa-Grande & Senzala, published in 1933. Additionally, racism has been made illegal under Brazils anti-discrimination laws, which were passed in the 1950s after an African-American d ...

Social apartheid in Brazil

The term social apartheid has been used to describe various aspects of economic inequality in Brazil, drawing a parallel with the legally enforced separation of whites and blacks in South African society for several decades during the 20th-century apartheid regime.

White Brazilians

White Brazilians ɾuz ˈbɾɐ̃kus") refers to Brazilian citizens of European and Middle Eastern descent. According to the 2010 Census, they totaled 91.051.646 people and made up 47.73% of the Brazilian population. The main ancestry of White Brazilians is Portuguese, followed by Italian, Spanish, German and other German-speaking nationalities, Slavic, French, Dutch, Jewish, Levantine Arab, Scandinavian and Baltic. The first two ancestries figure over 30 million people and the following two around 20 million people. While the fifth and sixth revolve around 6 million people and the last four figu ...

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